What is The Graph (GRT Crypto) and how does it work? | OWNR Wallet

Back to Blog

What is The Graph in crypto and how does GRT work?

1.jpg The emergence of blockchain technology has given rise to a plethora of innovative solutions aimed at enhancing data accessibility and transparency. One such innovation is The Graph, a decentralized graph protocol that revolutionizes how data is indexed and queried on blockchains. This platform not only facilitates effective indexing and querying of the data, but also significantly streamlines interactions among network participants, including node operators and data consumers. Central to its function is the GRT token, which is integral to The Graph's ecosystem.

In this article, we will uncover the core features of The Graph, as well as the pivotal role of GRT tokens in shaping the decentralized web and enhancing DLT-based platforms.

What Is The Graph (GRT)?

The Graph is a decentralized protocol which is pivotal in the blockchain universe, and designed to facilitate seamless access and management of blockchain data entities. Its role is to index and query data from various blockchains, much like how a search engine indexes and queries the internet. This protocol transforms the raw, often complex blockchain data into a structured, easy-to-access format. By doing so, The Graph enables developers to build innovative and efficient decentralized applications (dApps) without the overhead of directly dealing with the blockchain layer. This breakthrough has significantly enhanced the usability and accessibility of blockchain technology, bridging the gap between its complex infrastructure and practical applications in the real world.

In terms of network participants, The Graph relies on a community-driven model involving various roles. These participants include indexers, who are responsible for running every graph node that process and serve queries; curators, who signal the quality and relevance of data in the network; and delegators, who support the network by staking their tokens on reliable indexers. This collaborative effort ensures the network's integrity and efficiency.

The native token of The Graph (GRT) is at the heart of its economic model. GRT is used for various purposes within the ecosystem, including incentivizing network participants. Indexers, curators, and delegators earn GRT for their contributions, aligning their interests with the overall health and growth of the network. This token-based economy not only fosters active participation and network security, but also underpins the decentralized nature of The Graph, making it a cornerstone of the blockchain data querying and indexing landscape.

Who Created The Graph?

The Graph was launched in 2018 by Yaniv Tal, Brandon Ramirez, and Jannis Pohlmann. They aimed to simplify the development of decentralized applications (dApps) on Ethereum. The launch of The Graph's mainnet in 2020 was a crucial step towards the decentralization of dApps, enhancing the network's functionality.

As the first decentralized marketplace for dApp data, The Graph stands out in the realm of blockchain and cryptocurrency. The development of The Graph, especially with the launch of its mainnet, is key to its goal of fully decentralizing dApps and advancing Web 3 accessibility.

How Does The Graph Work?

In order to understand how The Graph operates as a decentralized graph protocol, first we need to explain the role of the Graph Node in managing relevant data, as well as the importance of GRT tokens in the network's ecosystem. This concise overview will provide a clear understanding of GRT’s contribution to enhancing the functionality of decentralized applications, plus its impact on the broader cryptocurrency market.

What Makes The Graph (GRT) Unique?

The Graph (GRT) distinguishes itself in the blockchain arena as a decentralized protocol uniquely designed for indexing and querying data across diverse blockchain networks. Let’s see this process in detail:

1. Subgraph Definition Developers define a high quality subgraph by specifying which data they're interested in from the Ethereum blockchain. This is done using a manifest file, which includes details about the smart contracts of interest, one or more events those smart contracts emit, and how to map event data to data entities.

The Graph uses a GraphQL interface, which is a powerful query language for APIs. GraphQL allows developers to specify exactly what data they want and how they want it structured.

2. Data Indexing Indexers, who are node operators in The Graph network, parse the blockchain for specific events, and organize the data into a format that's easy to query. They process the blockchain data according to the instructions specified in the subgraph manifest. This graph node stores data in a decentralized manner across various nodes (indexers) in The Graph network.

3. Querying Data. Once the data is indexed, it can be queried using the GraphQL interface. Users or applications send a GraphQL query to The Graph's gateway, which then routes the query to the appropriate indexer node that has the relevant data. The indexer node processes the query and returns the requested data to the user or application.

The Graph ecosystem facilitates easy access and organization of blockchain data, which is crucial for decentralized applications (dApps). The decentralized nature of the platform eliminates third-party data collection, enhancing data integrity and aligning with the blockchain's decentralization ethos.

Central to The Graph's ecosystem are GRT tokens, which incentivize network participants, such as indexers, curators, and delegators. These tokens are pivotal in a marketplace that rewards contributions to network efficiency. The launch of The Graph's mainnet furthered application decentralization, supporting numerous dApps and showcasing scalability. Overall, The Graph's innovative approach to data handling and its token-based economy make it a unique and significant player in the blockchain sector.

What Gives The Graph Value?

At the heart of The Graph's value is its unique blockchain architecture. The network's value is influenced by a range of factors, including:

  • circulation and total supply
  • project roadmap
  • technical features
  • mainstream use
  • regulations
  • adoption
  • updates
  • other significant events

The intrinsic value of The Graph lies in its ability to offer highly accessible curation, indexing, and organization of data collected from various networks. This value was further enhanced with the launch of its mainnet in 2020, marking a significant step towards the complete decentralization of dApps and the broader goal of making Web 3 accessible to all. The Graph's market value is also shaped by its technical and market aspects, as GRT tokens are actively traded on the cryptocurrency market.

How Many The Graph (GRT) Coins Are There in Circulation?

The Graph Explorer was launched with a total supply of 10 billion GRT tokens. Of this total supply, a significant portion is allocated for different purposes, such as rewarding network participants, funding the project’s development, and ensuring long-term operational sustainability. The allocation strategy is designed to support the network's growth and encourage active participation from various stakeholders, including indexers, curators, and delegators.

The number of GRT coins in circulation varies over time due to the release schedule and the nature of network participation. As of November 2023, not all 10 billion GRT coins were in circulation; the figure was around 9.29 billion. The circulating supply is influenced by factors such as vesting periods for early investors and team members, as well as the distribution of ongoing rewards. If you need to find out the current circulating supply, it's essential to consult real-time data from a reliable cryptocurrency market tracker, as this figure is subject to change with network activities and market dynamics. This dynamic nature reflects the evolving landscape of decentralized finance and the role of GRT in powering decentralized applications on the graph blockchain.

Other Technical Data

Taking a closer look at the technical data of The Graph network, it’s worth mentioning GraphQL. It enables efficient, precise data queries from blockchain databases. GraphQL’s flexibility allows developers to request exactly what they need, reducing unnecessary data transfer. This tailored querying enhances performance and streamlines application development.

The Graph also stands out with its data indexing mechanism, which transforms raw blockchain data into an easily queryable format. It can efficiently organize data, making it accessible and interpretable for decentralized applications.

It’s also worth noting that The Graph's architecture supports interoperability across various blockchains, facilitating seamless data integration and accessibility, thus broadening its utility in the decentralized ecosystem.

How Is The Graph Network Secured?

The Graph is a decentralized network. Its security is primarily upheld by three types of network participants: Indexers, Curators, and Delegators.

  1. Indexers are the ones who operate nodes within the network and are at the forefront of this security model. They engage in a decentralized governance system, competing to provide the best services at competitive prices. This competition not only drives efficiency but also fortifies the network's resilience against potential threats.
  2. Curators focus on organizing and classifying the data collected, ensuring its relevance and accuracy. Their role is crucial in maintaining the quality and trustworthiness of the data within the network.
  3. Delegators contribute to the network's security in an indirect yet significant manner. By delegating their GRT tokens to Indexers, they support the operational infrastructure of the network. This delegation not only secures the network but also incentivizes the maintenance and improvement of its services.

The combined efforts of these participants create a robust and secure environment, which is crucial for the smooth functioning of decentralized applications and the overall stability of The Graph Network.

How To Use The Graph

To effectively use The Graph, it’s crucial to understand the process of choosing a suitable wallet and the workings of its Proof of Stake (PoS) system. Let’s take a closer look.

How To Choose The Graph Wallet

Selecting the right wallet for The Graph (GRT) is a key decision that influences how you interact with the network. Here are some considerations:

  1. Compatibility with The Graph. Make sure the wallet supports The Graph coin(GRT). It should allow you to send, receive, and store GRT seamlessly. Note that GRT falls under the category of ERC-20 tokens, indicating that any cryptocurrency wallet supporting ETH and ERC-20 tokens is suitable for storing GRT.
  2. Security features. The wallet's security measures are paramount. Look for features like two-factor authentication, multi-signature support, and regular security audits. Integrating a hardware wallet adds an extra layer of security.
  3. User Interface and Experience. A user-friendly interface is crucial for efficient interaction with The Graph. The wallet should offer an intuitive layout, easy navigation, and clear transaction history.
  4. Support. A strong community and developer backing indicates a reliable and continually improving wallet. Check for regular updates and community feedback.

The Graph Proof of Stake

The Graph employs a Proof-of-Stake mechanism to ensure the integrity and efficiency of basic data indexing. Here's how it works:

  1. Role of participants. The Graph's PoS system involves various participants: Indexers, Curators, and Delegators. Indexers run nodes to index and query data, Curators signal on high-quality subgraph descriptions by depositing GRT (The Graph’s native currency), and Delegators stake GRT on Indexers to earn a portion of query fees and staking rewards.
  2. Staking and rewards. Users stake GRT tokens to participate in the network. Indexers earn indexing rewards and query fees for processing queries, while Delegators earn a share of these rewards by staking on Indexers.
  3. Network Security. Staking GRT helps secure the network. Malicious or incompetent Indexers risk losing their staked GRT as a penalty, ensuring that they act in the network's best interest.
  4. Governance. GRT holders can participate in governance decisions, influencing the protocol's future direction. This includes proposals for network upgrades, fee structures, and other protocol parameters.
  5. Dynamic participation. Users can dynamically change their roles or withdraw their stake, providing flexibility in their level of participation and investment in the network.

Is The Graph (GRT) Crypto a Good Investment?


When considering The Graph (GRT) as an investment, it's important to acknowledge the volatile nature of the digital currency market. While The Graph has shown great potential through its widespread adoption in the DeFi community and its utility in DApp development, the market for digital currencies remains speculative and is subject to rapid changes. Prospective investors should conduct thorough research, considering both the technological potential of The Graph and the inherent risks associated with investing in cryptocurrencies. Some of the key benefits that The Graph (GRT) offers are the following:

  1. Efficient Data Indexing and Querying. Traditionally, extracting data from blockchain environments has been a challenging and resource-intensive process. The Graph addresses this by providing a decentralized graph protocol for indexing blockchain data. Developers can build and publish open APIs, called indexed subgraphs, which applications can query using GraphQL. This process makes data retrieval more streamlined and efficient, significantly enhancing the performance and user experience of dApps.
  2. Decentralization and security. The Graph's decentralized nature ensures a more secure and transparent way of indexing and querying blockchain data compared to centralized alternatives. This aspect is crucial for maintaining the integrity and security of data in the blockchain space.
  3. Facilitation of DApp development. By providing efficient access to blockchain data, The Graph significantly eases the process of developing DApps. This efficiency is vital for continued growth and innovation in the decentralized application space.
  4. Open-Source and Community-Driven Development. The Graph Network has an open-source nature, fostering community-driven development and innovation. Developers from around the world contribute to the network, enhancing its capabilities and ensuring it evolves to meet the diverse needs of the blockchain community. This collective approach to development accelerates innovation, leading to more robust and versatile solutions for data indexing and querying in decentralized environments.

Why Does GRT Have Value?

GRT, The Graph's native cryptocurrency, is used by network participants such as indexers, curators, and delegators, who must stake GRT to perform their roles and, in return, earn fees from the network. This staking mechanism ensures the reliability and accuracy of the index data within the network.

GRT gains its value from its exclusive use in key network operations, such as paying query fees and participating in network governance. The token's value is also influenced by its limited supply, with an initial issuance of 10 billion GRT and a controlled annual increase. This scarcity, combined with its utility in the network, underpins GRT's value in the cryptocurrency market.

The Graph's token value is enhanced by its critical role in the decentralized web, where it incentivizes a network of participants to maintain high-quality data indexing and querying services. This decentralized protocol ensures accurate and accessible data from blockchain networks, which is vital for smart contracts and decentralized applications. By rewarding participants with GRT for their contributions, The Graph creates a self-sustaining ecosystem, bolstering the token's intrinsic value and its importance in the blockchain technology landscape.

Why Use GRT?

Investing in The Graph (GRT) offers a unique opportunity in the realm of decentralized applications (DApps). As a decentralized indexing protocol, The Graph is essential for organizing and accessing blockchain data, which is crucial for the functionality of DApps. The Graph's process of collecting data, indexing, and making blockchain data queryable is not only innovative but vital for the evolving blockchain ecosystem.

GRT tokens are more than just a digital asset; they are integral to participating in The Graph's decentralized network. These tokens are used for staking by network participants, including indexers, curators, and delegators, who ensure the network's integrity and efficiency. The value of GRT is closely tied to The Graph's utility and success. As the demand for Dapps increases, so could the value and relevance of GRT.

Additionally, GRT holders have governance rights, allowing them to influence the protocol's future. This investment aligns with the growing trend towards decentralized technology and applications, making The Graph (GRT) a compelling choice for people who are invested in the future of blockchain and decentralized networks.


In summary, the Graph Network represents a pivotal advancement in blockchain technology. It functions as a decentralized query protocol, providing a critical link between blockchain data and the applications that need to access this information. By utilizing GraphQL, The Graph protocol enables efficient and structured data retrieval from various blockchains, making it an indispensable tool for developers in the crypto space. This seamless integration of data fosters a more cohesive and user-friendly blockchain experience.

GRT, the native token of The Graph, incentivizes indexers, curators, and delegators to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the data processed. The economic model of The Graph (GRT) not only secures the network, but also encourages active participation and governance from its stakeholders. All in all, this symbiotic relationship between The Graph's technical infrastructure and its token shows the innovative potential of blockchain technology in creating self-sustaining, decentralized digital economies.


Does The Graph crypto have a future?

The future of The Graph (GRT) appears promising, given its pivotal role in indexing and querying data for decentralized applications. As blockchain technology evolves, the demand for efficient data processing, such as that offered by The Graph, is likely to grow, potentially enhancing GRT's relevance and value.

Who uses The Graph?

The Graph is primarily used by developers creating decentralized applications (dApps) on blockchain platforms. These developers leverage The Graph for efficiently indexing and querying blockchain data, which is essential for the smooth operation and user experience of their dApps.

Is The Graph a good crypto?

The Graph (GRT) is considered to be promising in the crypto space due to its unique role in indexing and querying blockchain data for decentralized applications. Its utility and growing adoption in the blockchain ecosystem suggest a positive outlook, making it an intriguing option for crypto enthusiasts.

Is the graph crypto AI?

The Graph (GRT) is not an AI but a decentralized graph protocol used for indexing and querying data from blockchain networks. It's designed to facilitate the efficient and effective use of data by decentralized applications, leveraging blockchain technology rather than artificial intelligence.

How do I buy The Graph?

To buy The Graph (GRT), create an account on a cryptocurrency exchange that lists GRT, such as Coinbase or Binance. After verifying your account, deposit funds (fiat or crypto), search for GRT, and proceed to buy it using the available trading pairs on the platform.

How do I sell The Graph?

To sell The Graph (GRT), log in to a cryptocurrency exchange where The Graph (GRT) is listed. Transfer your GRT to the exchange, navigate to the trading section, select a suitable trading pair (e.g., GRT/USD), and place a sell order at your desired price. Once matched, the sale will be completed.

DISCLAIMER: None of the authors, contributors, administrators, or editors connected to OWNR Wallet encourage readers to invest in GRT or other cryptocurrency without doing proper research on their own. This article is purely for educational purposes only.

Share this article

We use cookies to improve your experience. By closing this message you agree to our Cookies Policy.